Author Guidelines

General Guidelines

  1. The manuscript has never been published or is not in the submission process for publication to other media (journal etc) and does not contain plagiarism (preferably with a written statement from the author).
  2. The manuscript is written in a proper English or excellent Bahasa Indonesia with a line density of 1.15 spaces, Times New Roman 12 font, A4 paper size, 2.2 cm top left right bottom margin, and Times New Arabic 16 (for words in Arabic).
  3. The manuscript consists of 4000-6000 words.
  4. The manuscript must be completed by an abstract (150-200 words) in English and Indonesian as well as keywords (4-5 words).
  5. The manuscript is sent through the online submission at
  6. All submitted manuscripts will go through an editorial process which includes an initial examination by the editor, blind review by the reviewer, manuscript revision by the author (if needed), and copyediting and publication by the editor. Manuscripts that are eligible for publication can be re-edited by the editor without changing the author's original idea.

Paper Structure

  1. Title
    • The Title is Written in Capital Letters at Each Word's First Letter, except for Conjunctions.
    • The title should be concise, effective, and informative, with a maximum length of 16 words¸ including the conjunctions.
    • Font Times New Roman 16 Bold, 1 space
  2. Author Identity
    • The manuscript is completed by the author's identity which includes: Author name without academic title (Times New Roman 12 in bold), author's institutional affiliation, institution address, and e-mail (Times New Roman 11, 1 space).
    • The student-author's institutional affiliation is his or her study institution.
    • The multi-authorship paper's name order must be agreed upon by all authors, usually based on the amount of contribution and participation in conducting the research and writing the report. All authors are sharing equal responsibility for the content of the article.
  3. Abstract
    • The abstract is written briefly and factually, covering research objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.
    • The abstract is written bilingually in English and Indonesian, ranges from 150 - 200 words in one single paragraph in Times New Roman 12 italic typed single-spaced.
  4. Keywords
    • Keywords consist of 4 - 5 words or phrases.
    • Keywords are typed in italics, separated by semicolons (;)
  5. Introduction
    • "Introduction" is written in a capital letter on its only first letter, 1,15 spaced and bold.
    • The introduction should contain the background to the problem; hypothesis (if any), objectives, and research methods (if not in a separate section).
    • The introduction should not be too extensive, about 2 pages 1.15 spaces, and refers to some literature that is the basis for theoretical framework or research rationale.
  6. Sections and subsections
    • Sections and subsections are written in a capital letter on its only first letter, 1,15 spaced and bold.
    • Should be in accordance with the needs of the discussion.
    • The citation technique adheres to the CMS (Chicago Manual Style) citation system in Times New Roman 10 font, see for more details on the technical guidelines and the manuscript template.
  7. Conclusion
    • "Conclusion" is written in a capital letter on its only first letter, 1,15 spaced and bold.
    • The conclusion should be the answer to the research question, and not expressed in statistical sentences.
  8. References
    • "References" is written in a capital letter on its only first letter, 1,15 spaced and bold.
    • The literature included in the reference list contains only the sources cited or quoted in the article.
    • The reference list should consist of at least 14 sources; 60% of which comes from primary sources (journal articles of the recent 5 years).
    • Adheres to the CMS (Chicago Manual Style) citation system in Times New Roman 12. For details, see the technical guidelines and the template.

Technical Guidelines

  1. Quotation
    • The quotation in the manuscript should not be too long.
    • Direct quotations of less than five lines are written italics between complete quotation marks within the paragraph.
    • Direct quotations of five lines or more are written in separate paragraphs without quotation marks. The writing position is given a straight indent with the first line of the paragraph.
    • Indirect quotation, namely quoting a text which is abstracted and written in its own sentence, is written as part of a paragraph without quotation marks. It is better to use this kind of quotation within the manuscript.
    • Excerpts from the Qur'an and Hadith are written in Arabic letters according to the original text, including punctuation, using Font Times New Arabic 16 in bold. The verses of the Qur'an are written complete with the name and number of the surah and the number of the verse, while the Hadith is written complete with the sanad and comes with a footnote containing: Name of the book, volume, chapter, hadith number, and page.
    • In particular, the quotation of incomplete verses of the Qur'an, given three-dot marks before and/or after. Example:
    • حَنِيفًا ۚ فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ… …
    • There is no need for footnotes to quote verses from the Al-Quran because the name and number of the surah, as well as the verse number, have been written in the verse being quoted.
  2. Citation (Footnotes) and References
    • Adheres to the CMS (Chicago Manual Style) citation system, Times New Roman 10, as examples here:
    • Book: Author's name [without rank and title], Book title in italic type, print/edition [if any], volume / series [if any] (Place / city of publisher: publisher name, year published), page number. Books edited by editors are followed by "ed." without brackets after writing the name. If the book is written without a publisher city, type "n.c."; without publisher type "n.p."; if without the publication year, type "n.d.". If the publication year is Hijriyah year, type "H." after the mention of the year.
    • Article: Author name [without rank and title], Article title, Journal or publication name and edition in italics, (If applicable: Publisher place / city: Publisher name, Year published, page number).
    • If you want to mention the previous source again, you must mention part of the author's name and followed by the part of the book name in question. The reference source comes from Arabic, written in Latin characters based on transliteration guidelines by changing the font to Times New Arabic 14.
    • It is highly recommended to use a standard citation application such as Zotero, Mendeley, Endnote, etc. to make it easier to maintain its consistency.
  3. Figure and Table
    • Please note that Adabiya editors have the right to change the formatting of articles to comply with journal styles or maintain consistency.
    • Image size and quality. When preparing your figures, they should be 40mm, 80mm, or 160mm wide. The height will follow an exact fit. Ensure that the image is of sufficiently high resolution for easy viewing (at least 300 dpi).
    • Tables should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text. Readers must be able to interpret tables without references to the text. Please provide an editable file.
    • The table size should fit the column width. 
    • Numbering. Each table and figure must be quoted in the text in numerical order using Arabic numerals (eg Figure 2 cannot be cited before Figure 1). Tables shall be referred to as "Table" and figures/images as "Figure". Place table headings over tables and image captions on below, indicating them with lowercase letters or super asterisks (for significance values ​​and other statistical data). Express parts of the figure in lowercase (eg Figure 1a, Table 1b). These letters must also be embedded in the image. Tables and numbers must be numbered with Arabic numerals.
    • Each table and figure should have a title or description, which should be concise but clear enough to describe its main components separately from the text. All figures and tables must be quoted sequentially in the text. If the table or figure contains previously published material, cite the original source at the end of the description. If the result is expressed as a percentage, state the absolute value that corresponds to 100%. Please indicate in the description if the numbers have been changed or increased in any way.
  4. Extras
    • Italicize. Words that are not in the main language of the article must be italicized. However, f it is not absolutely necessary, do not italicize the words for emphasis. Words in Bahasa Indonesia must follow the format of the General Guidelines for Spelling in Indonesian (PUEBI - Pedoman Umum Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia).
    • Numbers. Write numerical designations that are less than two digits long and write Arabic numerals for numbers that are longer than two digits (e.g.: eight, nine, 10, 11), except when using them in a technical context or to present data, such as in materials and methods or results. Enter "percent" in text, and do not use symbols (%), except in tables or figures or when presenting material (e.g.: 70% Indonesian population).
    • Units of measurement. In general, Adabiya adheres to the International System of Units (SI) for how units of measurement are written, with some deviations to keep them consistent with the journal.